Excerpt from the book “Trisha Brown: Choreography as Visual Art” by Susan Rosenberg
It is with great sorrow that we share the news that artist Trisha Brown (b. 1936) died on March 18th in San Antonio, Texas, after a lengthy illness. She is survived by her son, Adam Brown, his wife Erin, her four grandchildren and by her brother Gordon Brown and sister Louisa Brown. Trisha Browns husband, artist Burt Barr, died on November 7, 2016.
One of the most acclaimed and influential choreographers and dancers of her time, Trishas groundbreaking work forever changed the landscape of art. From her roots in rural Aberdeen, Washington, her birthplace, Brown a 1958 graduate of Mills College Dance Department arrived in New York in 1961. A student of Anna Halprin, Brown participated in the choreographic composition workshops taught by Robert Dunn from which Judson Dance Theater was born greatly contributing to the fervent of interdisciplinary creativity that defined 1960s New York. Expanding the physical behaviors that qualified as dance, she discovered the extraordinary in the everyday, and brought tasks, rulegames, natural movement and improvisation into the making of choreography.
With the founding of the Trisha Brown Dance Company in 1970, Brown set off on her own distinctive path of artistic investigation and ceaseless experimentation, which extended for forty years. The creator of over 100 choreographies, six operas, and a graphic artist, whose drawings have earned recognition in numerous museum exhibitions and collections, Browns earliest works took impetus from the cityscape of downtown SoHo, where she was a pioneering settler. In the 1970s, as Brown strove to invent an original abstract movement language one of her singular achievements it was art galleries, museums and international exhibitions that provided her work its most important presentation context. Indeed contemporary projects to introduce choreography to the museum setting are unthinkable apart from the exemplary model that Brown established.
Browns movement vocabulary, and the new methods that she and her dancers adopted to train their bodies, remain one of her most pervasively impactful legacies within international dance practice. However for Brown, these techniques were a means to an end the creation of choreographies, which unfolded in a serial fashion. In the Equipment Dances (1968-1971), she explored gravity, perception and urban space. Brown introduced new rigor and systematicity to the Accumulations (1971-1975), dances derived from mathematical sequences common to the work of minimal and conceptual artists of her generation. When Brown developed what she named memorized improvisation she discovered the foundational approach that would inform her dance-making for the remainder of her career. First announced in her solo Watermotor (1978) a dance immortalized in the film shot by Babette Mangolte Browns extraordinary, idiosyncratic virtuosity as a dancer became the touchstone for her mature movement vocabulary. It also served to demonstrate that, among the many components of Browns genius, was her ability to forge, access and represent the inseparability of mind-body intelligences.
Working in the studio with what was, until 1980, an all-female company, Brown became a master orchestrator of collaboration; she used her own body, language and images to elicit and catalyze her dancers improvisations, which she edited and structured as choreographies. A major turning point in Browns career occurred in 1979, when she transitioned from working in non-traditional and art world settings to assume the role of a choreographer working within the institutional framework associated with dancing the proscenium stage.
With this decision she embarked on a more expansive collaborative process, inviting her contemporaries to contribute visual presentations (sets and costumes) as well as sound scores to her choreography. In her initial work with Robert Rauschenberg on Glacial Decoy (1979) she established the parameters for their artistic dialogue at the outset, drawing inspiration from the theaters geometry and sightlines. Going forward, in her work with artists Fujiko Nakaya, Donald Judd, Nancy Graves, Terry Winters and Elizabeth Murray, and composers Robert Ashley, Laurie Anderson, Peter Zummo, Alvin Curran, Salvatore Sciarrino, and Dave Douglas, Brown identified the collaborative process as a manifestation of interacting and intersecting artistic intentions and she worked hand in glove with these artists to bring each new production to fruition.
Browns best-loved work, the 1983 Set and Reset a collaboration with Robert Rauschenberg and Laurie Anderson that premiered as part of the Brooklyn Academy of Musics Next Wave Festival brought Brown international fame. It culminated the group of dances known as the Unstable Molecular Cycle, (1980-1983), all based in memorized improvisation. In The Valiant Cycle (1987-1989) Brown pushed the limits of her dancers athleticism and stamina, elevating abstract dance to theatrical proportions in her masterpiece, Newark (Niweweorce) (1987) for which Donald Judd provided the sets, costumes and sound score. With the Back to Zero Cycle (1990-1994) Brown entered new terrain, investigating unconscious movement, while also bringing new inflections to her longstanding concern with themes of visibility and invisibility, as well as visual deflection.
Having performed in Lina Wertmullers 1987 production of Bizets Carmen, Brown in the mid-1990s set her sights on directing operas. In preparation she initiated the Music Cycle, in which she collaborated with what she described as two dead i.e. timelessly alive composers: Johann Sebastian Bach and Anton Webern. With new knowledge of polyphonic musical forms, she accepted the invitation of Bernard Foccroulle, director of Brussels famed La Monnaie opera house, to direct Monteverdis LOrfeo in 1998 the first of six operas that she would direct over the next fourteen years. In addition to engaging with this most venerable of interdisciplinary art forms, Brown created a single ballet, O Zlozony/O Composite (2004), at the behest of Brigitte Lefλvre, director of The Paris Opera Ballet a project in which she worked with three of the companys most esteemed Ιtoiles, and with artist Vija Celmins and composer Laurie Anderson. During the late 1990s and first decade of the 21st century, Brown worked simultaneously to create new choreographies working with contemporary artists and composers; directed operas; and further developed her work in the field of drawing.
Browns official retirement from dancing came in 2008, when she performed in I Love My Robots, a collaboration with Kenjiro Okazaki and Laurie Anderson. Her final works include two operas by Jean-Philippe Rameau, Hippolyte et Aracie and Pygmalian (2010), produced together with William Chrystie and Les Arts Florissants as well as the sole male duet that she created, entitled Rogues (2011). Her work, Im going to toss my arms- if you catch them theyre yours (2011), was the last dance Brown created. From the 1970s to the present Trisha Browns drawings have been widely exhibited in international museums and art galleries among them, at Yale University Art Gallery and the Leo Castelli Gallery (1974); the Venice Biennale (1980); The Fabric Workshop & Museum, Philadelphia (2003); White Box Gallery, London (2004); Documenta XII (2007); and The Walker Art Center (2008). In addition, her drawings are held in major museum collections, including the Reina Sofia Museum, Madrid, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, The Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, The Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris among others. Brown is represented by Sikkema Jenkins & Co. in New York.
Today the Trisha Brown Dance Company continues to perpetuate Browns legacy through its Trisha Brown: In Plain Site initiative. Through it, the Company draws on Browns model for reinvigorating her choreography through its re-siting in relation to new contexts that include outdoor sites, and museum settings and collections. The Company is also involved in an ongoing process of reconstructing and remounting major works that Brown created for the proscenium stage between 1979 and 2011. In addition, the Company continues its work to consolidate Trisha Browns artistic legacy through their restoration and organization of her vast archives of notebooks; correspondence; critical reviews; and an unprecedented moving image catalogue raisonnι, which records her meticulous creative process over many decades.
In her lifetime Trisha Brown was the recipient of nearly every award available to contemporary choreographers. The first woman to receive the coveted MacArthur Genius Grant (in 1991), Brown was honored by five fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts; two John Simon Guggenheim Fellowships; and Brandeis Universitys Creative Arts Medal in Dance (1982). In 1988, she was named Chevalier dans lOrdre des Arts et Lettres by the government of France. In January 2000, she was promoted to Officier and in 2004, she was again elevated, this time to the level of Commandeur. Brown was a 1994 recipient of the Samuel H. Scripps American Dance Festival Award and, at the invitation of President Bill Clinton, served on the National Council on the Arts from 1994 to 1997. In 1999, she received the New York State Governors Arts Award and, in 2003, was honored with the National Medal of Arts. She received the Capezio Ballet Makers Dance Foundation Award in 2010 and had the prestigious honor to serve as a Rolex Arts Initiative Mentor for 2010-11. She has received numerous honorary doctorates, is an Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and was awarded the 2011 New York Dance and Performance Bessie Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2011, Brown received the prestigious Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize for making an outstanding contribution to the beauty of the world and to mankinds enjoyment and understanding of life. In 2012, Brown became a United States Artists Simon Fellow. Having received three awards from the Foundation for Contemporary Arts (1971, 1974, and 1991), she was honored with the Foundations first Robert Rauschenberg Award in 2013. In 2013 she was honored with the BOMB Magazine Award and received the Honors Award given by Dance/USA in 2015. ~ Susan Rosenberg
California-born Carolyn Carlson defines herself first and foremost as a nomad. From San Francisco Bay to the University of Utah, from the Alwin Nikolais company in New York to Anne Béranger’s in France, from Paris Opera Ballet to Teatrodanza La Fenice in Venice, from the Théâtre de la Ville de Paris to Helsinki, from Ballet Cullberg to La Cartoucherie in Paris, from the Venice Biennale to Roubaix, Carlson is a tireless traveller, always seeking to develop and share her poetic universe.
She arrived in France in 1971 the beneficiary of Alwin Nikolais’s ideas about movement, composition and teaching. The following year, with Rituel pour un rêve mort, she wrote a poetic manifesto that defined an approach to her work that she has adhered to ever since: dance that is strongly oriented towards philosophy and spirituality. Carlson prefers the term ‘visual poetry’ to ‘choreography’ to describe her work. She creates works that express her poetic thoughts and a form of complete art within which movement occupies a special place.
For four decades, Carlson has had significant influence and success in many European countries. She played a key role in the birth of French and Italian contemporary dance through the GRTOP (theatre research group) at Paris Opera Ballet and Teatrodanza at La Fenice.
She has created over 100 pieces, a large number of which are landmarks in the history of dance, including Density 21.5, The Year of the Horse, Blue Lady, Steppe, Maa, Signes, Writings on Water and Inanna. In 2006, her work was rewarded with the first ever Golden Lion given to a choreographer by the Venice Biennale.
Director of the National Choreographic Centre Roubaix Nord-Pas de Calais from 2005 until 2013, Carolyn Carlson is now in residency at the National Theater of Chaillot for two seasons with the Carolyn Carlson Company, which produces and tours her shows all over the world.
In 1999, Carolyn Carlson founded the Atelier de Paris at the Cartoucherie, of which she is now president of honnor.
The Atelier de Paris-Carolyn Carlson / National Choreographic Center is managed by Anne Sauvage.
CAROLYN CARLSON CAREER HIGHLIGHTS
Leading figure in the Alwin Nikolais company
Etoile-Choreographer at the Paris Opera Ballet (GRTOP)
Artistic Director of the Teatrodanza La Fenice, Venice
Resident Artist at the Théâtre de la Ville, Paris
Residenct Artist at the Finnish National Ballet and the Helsinki City Theater
Artistic Director of the Cullberg Ballet, Stockholm
Artistic Director of the dance section of the Venice Biennale
Artistic director of the National Choreographic Centre of Roubaix Nord-Pas de Calais
Foundation of the Atelier de Paris-Carolyn Carlson
Creation of Carolyn Carlson Company
Residency at the National Theater of Chaillot
Alicia Alonso 1920-
Dancer, Prima ballerina and Choreographer from Cuba
Hungarian dancer Nikolska, photographed by Elli Seraïdari (Nelly), at the Parthenon in 1929
Margot Fonteyn 1919-1991
Galina Ulanova 1910-1998